Kenya is one of the world’s largest host country for refugees. As of 2019, as many as 474,000 refugees have been accommodated in refugee camps, the largest camps being Dadaab and Kakuma. Somali refugees account for approximately half the total number of refugees, with 257,000 registered. In recent years, the Somali Islamic extremist organization Al-Shabaab has been carrying out terrorist activities in Kenya, causing a great number of casualties. This has taken resulted in restrains from the Kenyan government to further accept Somali refugees.
In the capital city of Nairobi, there is a district where Somali refugees account for more than 90% of its population. With a rising crime rate of theft, drug deal, and murders, this Eastleigh district is said to be a breeding ground and a hotbed for sympathisers of the members of Al-Shabaab. Most of these crimes are committed by a group of youth aged 15 to 29, known as the Somali Gang. They get involved in such criminal activities for various reasons. This raises concerns that such youth will be recruited by extremist organizations such as Al-Shabaab and participate in terrorist activities within and around Somalia. As a result, they are feared by other members of the community and are met with intensified crackdowns by the Kenyan government and the local police including deportation to Somalia. Although appropriate care programs for gang members have been a critical necessity, there have been very few organizations that specialize in them. This is why we have been providing them with rehabilitation/reintegration programs since 2013.